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Nothing says "fun" like rest-related trivia questions plucked from historical records, viral culture and diagnostic manuals, right? We thought so. Take this test to prove (or improve) the breadth of your oh-so-useful sleep knowledge. You're welcome.

1. In the Middle Ages, how did families customarily sleep?

A. On elevated quarters similar to what we'd now call a loft bed, to keep their distance from vermin
B. In one big bed, to conserve heat
C. In cribs, through adulthood, to prevent mid-slumber head injuries
D. Alternating head-to-toe, in descending order of age, to ward off sexual perversions and toe warts (it's unclear whether the issues were related)

2. Who's credited with inventing "Uberman" sleep, a polyphasic schedule that consists of six 20-minute naps each day, beginning in the afternoon? 

A. Sleep hacker Puredoxyk, in the early 2000s
B. Ronald Reagan's first chief of staff, James Baker, in 1982
C. Historian A. Roger Ekirch, in 1996
D. Celebrity fitness guru Tracy Anderson, in 2007

3. When and why did the siesta emerge in Spain?

A. In the 1600s, because a still-unnamed member of the royal family began taking naps to sober up
B. In the 1800s, because factory workers' post-lunch shift-change created a natural break in the work day
C. In the 1300s, because peasants in the Basque region blamed the Black Death on exhaustion
D. In the 1700s, because farmers retreated indoors for a break during the hottest part of the day

4. Marijuana was widely available as a sleep aid in the 19th century. But, it was perceived as being somewhat dangerous until word spread about the pre-bed pot habit of which public figure? 

A. Edgar Degas, French impressionist painter
B. H.H. Holmes, America's first famous serial killer 
C. Queen Victoria 
D. Washington Irving, American author of "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow"

5. In 1846, Massachusetts man Albert Tirrell became the first American to use the "sleepwalking defense" successfully. Tirrell was found not guilty of:

A. Killing his father, who'd made a sizeable fortune producing contraceptive jelly (later found to be toxic)
B. Stabbing his father-in-law
C. Murdering and burning down the brothel of a raven-haired prostitute
D. Committing adultery (with the raven-haired prostitute)

6. Our modern-day use of the term "nightmare" dates back to the 19th century. Until then, nightmare more specifically referred to:

A. Bad dreams during childhood
B. Nocturnal hysteria 
C. Sleep Paralysis
D. Nighttime "marital duties"

7. What was the first commercial sedative, formulated by German chemists in 1902 and marketed by Bayer two years later?

A. Barbital
B. Valium, shortened from Luchtvaliumuchterol
C. Ketamine
D. Glauber's salt  

8. Which political figure liked to sleep naked?

A. Lyndon B. Johnson (always ready to go "All The Way")
B. Golda Meir
C. Winston Churchill
D. Annette Adams, the first female US Attorney General

9. Why did the US first implement Daylight Savings Time in 1918?

A. To help farmers take advantage of daylight during the harvest
B. To conserve energy
C. Because Germany did it
D. Nobody really knows

10. In the 1930s, Hollywood implemented self-imposed censorship guidelines for on-screen interactions between men and women. Though television wasn't subject to the guidelines, many programs still adopted the conventions. On "I Love Lucy," for example, Lucy and Ricky Ricardo famously slept in separate beds. What were the censorship guidelines commonly called?

A. Morality Mandates 
B. Hays Code
C. Writ of Family Values 
D. McGillicuddy Order

11. In which year did Nathaniel Kleitman and Eugene Aserinsky, researchers at the University of Chicago, discover and name (REM) sleep?

A. 1953
B. 1974
C. 1933
D. 1934

12. What was Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome (a form of sleep-disordered breathing related to Obstructive Sleep Apnea) originally called?

A. Unspecified Sleep-Breathing Disorder
B. Pickwickian Syndrome
C. Fleischel's Disease
D. Disruptive Sleep Hypoxia 

13. Which historical figure did not claim to create a famous work while sleeping (or dreaming)?

A. Robert Louis Stevenson, Scottish author of "Treasure Island"
B. Paul McCartney, Beatle 
C. Richard Wagner, German composer of "Tristan and Isolde"
D. Little Richard

14. In 1973, which breed of dog fueled progress in narcolepsy research? 

A. Doberman Pinscher
B. Mutt
C. Bulldog
D. Siberian Husky

15. What's the earliest-known mention of the mythical figure we now call the Tooth Fairy?

A. The Koran
B. "The Good Little Mouse," a 17th-century French folk tale. 
C. A 17th-century Chinese guide to domesticity for reformed "moonbeam-women" (prostitutes)
D. A Lewis Carroll poem 



1. B: Both rich and poor families huddled in mono-beds, with one main difference: Rich people's servants slept on straw mats a few feet away. 

2. A: Puredoxyk is also a blogger who goes by the pseudonym Marie

3. D: Non-farming Spaniards subsequently adopted the siesta. Now, after hundreds of years, the custom is on the decline.

4. C: Queen Victoria’s personal doctor, J.R. Reynolds, prescribed her highness pot to help her sleep through menstrual cramps.

5. C: Tirrell evaded responsibility for killing and decapitating Maria Bickford, but he was found guilty of adultery. 

6. C: To be more precise, Nightmare referred either to the experience of Sleep Paralysis itself or the "incubus," the humanoid figure that appears during attacks of Sleep Paralysis.

7. A

8. C: The English statesman was also a biphasic sleeper.

9. B: Falling Back and Springing Forward didn't help as much as Pittsburgh industrialist Robert Garland promised. (And Germany was the first country to introduce DST, in 1916, but the US didn't follow suit solely to be a copycat.)

10. B: In 1968, the MPAA replaced the Hays Code with the contemporary movie-ratings system of G, PG, R and X. (PG-13 arrived in the '80s, and NC-17 replaced R in 1990.)

11. A: Four years later, Kleitman, the "father of modern sleep research," teamed up with William Dement, the "father of sleep medicine," to create the basic sleep-stage classification system we still use today: REM plus four stages of Non-REM sleep.

12. B: Pickwickian Syndrome was coined in the 1950s, in reference to a character from the "The Pickwick Papers," by Charles Dickens.

13. D: 1955's "Tutti Fruti" was indeed a product of waking creativity, but the recorded version didn't contain original lyrics including: "Tutti Frutti, good booty. If it don't fit, don't force it. You can grease it, make it easy." At least "a-wop-bom-a-loo-mop-a-lomp-bom-bom" made it.  

14. A:  Stanford University established a narcoleptic canine colony after discovering the disorder in two Dobermans.

15. B: The loss of baby teeth is a cross-cultural rite of passage.